The most important invasions in Europe from the 7th century to the 9th century were:
- Muslims/Moors (600-800)
– They came from the Middle East (Saudi Arabia) through Africa
– Black Muslims were called the Moors
– Their domination extended from Africa and passed to Spain where they remained for 8 centuries.
– Vikings (Norsemen 700-1100 AD)
– Their Homelands were in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Finland
– They were blond-haired, blue-eyed German Barbarians with a polytheistic relgion
– They were skilled seaman and traveled across Europe into the Mediterranean and North America in their Viking ships
– Vikings ravaged all of Europe and into Asia as well as they founded Dublin (Ireland) in 841 AD
– Vikings ruled Russia (Novgorod) in 860 AD
– Erik the Red reached Greenland in 982
– 1000 AD Leif Eriksson lands in N.A. but never established a settlement there
– 1100 the last Vikings gave up their old gods and converted to Christianity
– Vikings intermixed with all the peoples across the continents
– Their civilization will be merge and become part of most of European culture.
3. Magyars (800-900)
– They came across the Caucasus and Ural Mountians – possibly being driven out of their home lands by the Mongols.
– They lived in Turkish lands for awhile and picked up some of their ways.
– Magyars lived on horseback much like the Huns and their weapon of choice was the bow and arrow.
– Magyars traded with the Crimean people from where they attacked many cities and towns on the frontiers of Roman civilization
– Although magyars inflicted much damage on Europe they settled in the area of Hungary.
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